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F1 and its Prohibited Technologies

Formula1 (F1) modern car capable of racing 100 kph from the rest about 1.7 seconds. One exceptional ability that any kind of sports car has not been able to match it.


Apparently, not all the technology on the F1 car is the most sophisticated in the automotive world. Some systems and components of the F1 car just less advanced than ordinary cars on the streets. Why is that?

The answer is regulation. The Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) as the “umpire” for the F1 race diligently makes the regulation to limit the speed of the F1 car. In addition to the safety of racer, speed limits are also related to non-technical reasons. Examples of making the race more interesting to watch.

Given the history, FIA regulatory changes are done almost every year. The move was implemented because the technological progress was far more rapid than the restrictions imposed. Here are some innovative technologies ever used by the F1 car but then “forbidden”.

turbine Gas Technology F1

The gas turbine is used as a drive to replace Torak fuel motor. As one of the oldest types of movers, combustion engines have many disadvantages. Especially compared to gas turbines are more recently found. Gas turbines produce higher power with lighter weight. It can be said that gas turbines have the better power-to-weight ratio.

Another plus is the very fast rotation, up to 60,000 rpm. Compare with the modern F1 engine that is “only” capable of turning around 20,000 rpm (and this season is limited by the FIA to a maximum of 15,000 rpm only). Gas turbine classified as minimal vibration because there is no component that moves translation (back and forth) as well as motor fuel.

Generally, the age of gas turbine is longer than motor fuel. The FIA banned the use of this turbine after Team Lotus piloted the T56B which adopted the Pratt & Whitney gas turbine in 1971.

This FIA ban is actually “redundant” because Team Lotus proves that the use of gas turbines as the driving force of this car is actually not suitable for F1. Weaknesses that are felt by others is the gas turbine slow response to changes in gas openings from the foot of racer. As a result difficult to eat chicane and the absence of engine-brake effect is needed F1 car.


Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) is a gearbox replacement device that allows the engine to operate on a narrow band-RPM. The effect of maximum torque can be maintained. Williams is the team that first tried to develop this technology since the late 1970s.

It was even tested on a Renault-powered FW-15 in 1993. But the move was finally limited to testing because in late 1993 the FIA banned its use for the race.


The use of the fan (fan) behind the car to generate extra-downforce is also prohibited FIA. This tool was used by the Brabham team and Niki Lauda made him win the Swedish Grand Prix in 1978.

Side skirts

Side skirts or sliding skirts are shaped-like devices – skirts and mounted on the left and right sides of the lower car body. This tool is used to prevent wind flow under the car flowing to the side so that the ground-effect of under the car can be maximized.

In 1980 the FIA banned the side skirts by limiting ground clearance to a minimum of 6 cm. As a result side skirts cannot be used again because the distance between the component with the asphalt cannot be maintained. Moreover, the suspension movement that causes the car body to move up and down.

Nevertheless, F1 engineers did not stop improvising. In 1988, the T88 car from Team Lotus introduced a twin-chassis or dual chassis design. The first chassis has a very hard suspension on the wheels. While the second chassis has a softer suspension of the first chassis.

The first chassis has a very hard suspension of the wheel, so its distance to the asphalt can be maintained. Start strategy by making the first chassis similar to the plate that surrounds the second chassis, then the first chassis can serve as “side skirts” without breaking the minimum 6-cm ground-clearance rule. However, this twin-chassis was finally banned FIA.

Shock absorbers

The active suspension is a “magical device” that helped Williams dominate the 1992 racing season with Nigel Mansell and his FW14B. The active suspension makes the shock absorber capable of adjusting the dampness to suit the road conditions. In effect, all four tires will always have maximum traction despite being on a bumpy track and many slow turns. This device was banned by the FIA in the 1993 season.…

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New BMW 7-Series Feature Very Sophisticated

The new BMW 7 Series is a car with the feature that can run without a driver (autonomous). Similarly, the control of the car multimedia system is only through the movement of the hand. Yes, the latest BMW 7-Series technology is very sophisticated.


A car capable of running without a driver may still be in delusion. Even if there is only limited research. Similarly, the control of the multimedia system of the car through the movement of the hand. But not in the latest BMW 7-Series. A number of future technologies you can now enjoy in a mass production car. The following advanced features owned by the BMW 7 Series.

BMW 7 Series Remote Control Parking

This technology lets you park the latest BMW 7 Series in a narrow space without you having to drive from behind the wheel. Through a key that serves as a remote control, you can push the car back about 5 meters without you driving at all. Just press the button and touch the tiny display on the key, you can turn on the engine, run the car and then turn off the engine from outside the car. The car will brake itself by detecting when there is an object in front or behind it is approaching.

This function is very useful when parking in a narrow place, where the car door cannot be accessed in and out of the driver. You just park the car along the narrow parking lot and then exit the car to drive the car remotely through the key. “The sensors around the car will automatically detect when the car will stop,” said Marcus Behrendt, BMW AG’s Head of User Experience.

Such advances in technology in mass production cars to make BMW socialize first to the regulator in Europe about this device. Understandably, there is no single mass production car that uses this device.

According to Marcus, regulators are very concerned about safety when the car can walk alone without a driver in it. “Create current (August 2015) is the process for licensing in Europe. In the next 1-2 months will come out and can be sold to consumers. BMW will also work with regulators or governments in other countries about permission to use this device, “added Marcus.

Although Remote Control Parking works through radio waves Marcus believes the frequency is safe and will not be affected by other wave signals.


The main light of the BMW 7 Series is now equipped with the most advanced LED technology. They claim the range of rays 2 times farther than conventional lighting technology today. If once only 300 meters, Laser Light can reach up to 600 meters. Do not worry about driving the driver’s glare from the opposite direction because the light will automatically decrease the direction of the light rays when passing by another car at night.

Carbon Core

Although not the first car to wear carbon fiber woven body, Series-7 pioneer marries it with metal. BMW named it Carbon Core for this design in the latest body-7 Series.

There are 14 parts that use this lightweight and strong fiber materials, such as the roof pillar structure, elements in the pillars of B and C and the inner body side skirts. Thanks to Carbon Core, the car’s weight can be reduced to 130 kg compared to the previous version of the 7-Series.

This weight reduction is not only able to reduce fuel consumption but also add to the driving comfort. This is thanks to an evener distribution of weight and lower gravity point.

This exotic material can be repaired in case of collision damage. Suppose that an accident requires repair. “No need to be replaced carbon elements intact. Simply cut the damaged parts and make repairs only in that section. All BMW authorized workshops are able to handle it. So no need to worry, “sure Andreas Holzinger, Project Manager Lightweight and Body BMW 7 Series.

Gesture Control

Forget touching a knob or even a touchscreen monitor to operate the multimedia features of the BMW 7 Series. Now only through hand gestures, you can control without having to touch any device in the car. There are 6 hand movements that have been set BMW. Each movement has its own function to control the multimedia functions on the monitor screen in the center of the dashboard.

For example, the index finger moves towards the monitor for the function of receiving a phone call. Hand gestures such as slaps serve to resist, For example, the index finger moves toward the monitor for the function of receiving a phone call. Hand gestures like slaps serve to resist.

This can be done thanks to sensors that detect hand movements. The position of the hand must be in front of the central dash monitor or area …

Automobile Leasing And Contract Hire

Untuk pengalaman yang lebih baik di Facebook, perbarui browser Anda. That is not all the time the case whenever you purchase outright, and it could possibly raise the cost of running leased automobiles. Actually useful, pleasant and skilled service. When considering a lease automobile, there are some issues to concentrate on. For example, automotive leasing and contract hire agreements include a set quantity of mileage included.\n\nPrimarily based in St Albans, Hertfordshire, we are a contract hire and leasing broker partnering the main funders within the UK with a mission to locate and construct the most effective car leasing offers currently on provide. My contact was Ben Peachey and I cannot converse extremely sufficient of the service, the vehicle we have now leased and the worth for money.\n\nThere are not any scarcity of PCP (Private Contract Purchase) and HP (Rent Buy) offers, but private automobile leasing is also more common than ever. Leasing is just not a one measurement matches all association, and you’ll find loads of totally different choices out there if you discuss to your native dealers.\n\nBen was the best particular person I have handled in relation to customer service. The seller will cost you a set price, outlined in your contract, for every mile you drive above the agreed annual limit. Over this time, we have forged robust, lasting relationships with the biggest supplier groups, manufacturers and automobile finance corporations, enabling us to secure one of the best low cost phrases.\n\nNevertheless, if your end of lease price is lower than the actual value of the automobile, the difference can be used to fund a trade-in for a better mannequin, so successfully you do have an asset, within the phrases of the contract. Alternatively, you could possibly head straight to the UK’s largest car leasing companies.…

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Used Automobiles For Sale. A Better Means To Purchase And Promote

The Motor Vehicles and Technology Centres usually hold auctions of automobiles, machines and technical gear at locations throughout Austria. Naturally, you’ll turn heads and revel in superior efficiency in this incredible S3, however you’ll also drive self-assured figuring out that it has obtained glorious safety rankings with anti-lock brakes, traction and stability management, front side airbags and aspect curtain airbags.\n\nFor the sake of brevity: a salvage title implies that in some unspecified time in the future in the car’s history the auto insurance firm declared that the damage was enough to warrant a salvage title. Whenever you register for the public sale days this will automatically be for both public sale days.\n\nSelect from hundreds of vehicles in more than one hundred auctions. Sellers forgo a potentially larger sticker price to take their inventory to a supplier public sale where it will be auctioned off for thousands lower than retail for quite a lot of reasons. Conveniently located within the Denver Metro area, our public auto auction is held every Saturday morning beginning at eleven:00 a.m. These auto auctions feature a wide variety of automobiles, vans and SUV’s to pick from.\n\nFirst of all, The deposits are a hundred% Refundable, We simply require a deposit to make sure each the security of the person and us that there will probably be no final minute cancellations of bid or any pretend or spam bid request. Bids on the automobile-or motorcycle, or van, or no matter it is-are available from everywhere in the world, and only one person can win that automobile, and it is normally a automobile seller.\n\nDeposits are 100% Refundable and the public sale is one hundred% Free to Use! Lots of of police impounds, financial institution repos, trade-ins, title pawns, and personal seller vehicles auctioned to the general public weekly. You may select to refund your deposit or deduct it from the whole value.…

Leasing the Equipment Needed for Work Zones

The state or federal government may require construction companies like yours to set up safe and efficient work zones on the roadways. Whenever you are hired to work on a highway, interstate, or stretch of city roads, you must use equipment that will alert motorists to the upcoming work and direct them to drive in a safe manner.

Rather than buy equipment like rumble strips, yellow or orange cones, or a automated flagger assistance device, you might instead prefer to rent what you need. Renting the equipment can offer you a number of benefits that outweigh buying the equipment outright.

Cost Effectiveness

New equipment can cost a lot of money that you just do not have in your cash flow right now. Most of the newest models on the market come with price tags that are beyond your budget. Even used equipment may still cost too much than you can afford.

Rather than go into debt buying equipment needed for jobs for which your crew has been hired, you could instead get what you need by renting it instead. Rentals are typically more cost effective because you only pay for them for the time for which you need them. After you are done using them, you can return the pieces of equipment to the dealer and get your deposits back on them.

Another advantage involves getting new rather than old equipment. When you buy it, you may have to use it for years in order to get the full return on your investment. It may not age well and fall behind the technology that continues to be available for your industry. Companies that lease such equipment usually have the newest models on hand for you to use.

These advantages and more can persuade you to rent what you need for your work zone rather than buy it. You could end up saving more money with this choice. You also could get the newest models of equipment that you otherwise would not be able to afford were you to use your cash flow or go into debt to buy them.…

Used Automotive Grocery store

The Finest Web 10 Airtime deal is normally obtainable from the web site. Jane smiles, realizing she’ll arrive recent and rested, leaving the details of parking for the airport Atlanta parking to the professionals. In conclusion, automotive leasing works higher for people who doesn’t want to get tided financially, bothered by the hassle of car maintenance and saving money is just not a priority.\n\nThe idea behind the one fee pre paid auto lease is to be able to remove the monetary costs concerned in deprecation. To sum it up, Volvo C30 is a sports activities coupe that wears an angle and makes a personal statement that claims it’s price a take a look at drive.\n\nInternet 10 is likely one of the simplest prepaid cellular phone corporations. You will get great lease or finance specials and even negotiate an awesome deal on a automobile with a premium package deal. “New Each Two” promotion – Relying on when you began your Verizon service, you will have been enrolled in their “New Each Two” advertising promotion.\n\nSome sellers mess around with these numbers to bamboozle uninformed consumers into paying extra. You could take a look at the charges for the rental and base your determination largely based mostly on the each day rental charge for a 5 day rental. Go to your favorite dealer and start the negotiation of a automobile lease deal with a gross sales rep starting with the acquisition price of the car then the month-to-month payment.\n\nI) The overwhelming majority of the leases have a free “gap” protection in case the car is totaled within an accident or stolen, and you continue to owe greater than the auto may be price. Generally automotive makers could have finance specials i.e. zero.9 APR.…

Automobile Donations

In accordance with Maryland state regulation, the Constitution and Code of the City of Annapolis, and Department insurance policies, the Annapolis Police Department sells at public public sale all lost, abandoned, unclaimed, forfeited or stolen property remaining in the possession of the Police Department for a interval of six months with out a lawful claimant, besides that unclaimed bicycles could also be auctioned after a 3 month ready interval. She then took exception to the truth that I cancelled her order, nonetheless I identified that in none of her sensible alec communiques did she ever advise when I’d be receiving payment, and as a result of dispute, she never obtained to depart any bitter feedback.\n\nOur auctions are held every Saturday at 1030 am. Gates open at 9 am for viewing, the keys will likely be in the vehicles, be at liberty to begin them and test them out. Capital Auto Public sale holds multiple auctions weekly – each stay in-individual auctions as well as online auctions.\n\nThese companies embody automobile transportation to and from the public auction website, reconditioning, title companies, digital situation reporting, and internet-based inventory administration. Capital Auto Public sale is a public auto auction and everyone seems to be welcome to come back and take part.\n\nThe jacket sold then for about $127.00. I did the perfect I could on eBay to help her out, but sometimes it just does not work. Enterprise 12-Month Limitless Mileage Roadside Help Bundle on used automobiles is provided by the American Automobile Affiliation (AAA) and its affiliated clubs within the United States and Canada.\n\nFor particulars, see an Enterprise Automotive Sales representative or name 1 888 Automotive Sales (1-888-227-7253). Discover out about one of the best used automobiles, used automotive costs at auctions and other places, muscle vehicles for sale and find out how to purchase or to promote a automobile at auctions.

Rental Mobil Murah, Dijamin Harga Terbaik, Pesan Hari Ini

If the price does not comprise the notation that it’s Drive Away No Extra to Pay”, the value may not include extra costs, comparable to stamp obligation and different government expenses. The identical thing can apply with cars, I think the principle cause why car guys mod their vehicles a lot is that their automobile would not excite them as much as it used to, so they make it quicker or extra beautiful to look at. One major thing that makes a meal great is the number of flavors and textures of the meals that mix to make it nice, same with automobiles.\n\nIn contrast to a vendor/supplier, these web sites acquire no profit from the sale of the automotive, so they’re extra prone to be thorough and sincere in regards to the automotive’s historical past. Let’s have a look at what makes high quality Japanese used cars so low-cost. The conditions on your voucher nonetheless apply in the course of the Voucher Assure period.\n\nBekerja dengan lebih dari 800 perusahaan di 163 negara, kami dapat menemukan mobil yang tepat di tempat yang tepat, dengan harga yang tepat. This car is in glorious situation and priced to sell quick…..In case you have curiosity, please don’t wait! Kami meminta setiap pelanggan kami untuk menilai perusahaan yang menyediakan mobil mereka.\n\nIf you’re a dealer proprietor or work for a vendor that stands out for promoting low cost used vehicles for $5000 dollars or much less largely, and would like to see your stock promoted on our app, website, and advertising channels reminiscent of Fb, Twitter, and different social networks, please join FREE by visiting -signup.\n\nJika Anda adalah pemilik seller atau bekerja untuk dealer yang menonjol untuk menjual mobil bekas murah untuk $ 5000 dolar atau kurang sebagian besar, dan ingin melihat persediaan Anda dipromosikan di aplikasi, web site, dan saluran pemasaran kami seperti Fb, Twitter, dan jaringan sosial lainnya, silakan mendaftar secara GRATIS dengan mengunjungi -signup.…


Your new, secure channel for purchasing and promoting wholesale automobiles. Die Angaben beziehen sich nicht auf ein einzelnes Fahrzeug und sind nicht Bestandteil des Angebots, sondern dienen allein Vergleichszwecken zwischen den verschiedenen Fahrzeugtypen. German carmakers Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche, BMW and Daimler secretly labored together from the 1990s onwards on issues including polluting emissions from diesel automobiles, news journal Der Spiegel reported Friday.\n\nAnd naturally you can do so secure within the data that the automobile, the rental cost, the standard and all the service will meet your expectations – from the preliminary search and booking to the final return of the car. Setiap iklan menunjukkan information kendaraan, foto dan fitur sehingga Anda bisa menilai itu sekilas.\n\nThis can be a frequent practice at car makers to increase the variety of produced/bought vehicles. This variation will imply the implementation of a major variety of VDIK demands. So-known as Euro-III or D3/Euro-IV or D4/three-Litre passenger cars. Zeigen Sie Ihre ADAC Clubkarte und profitieren Sie weltweit von zahlreichen attraktiven Ermäßigungen.\n\nWhether they are collectors, fans, sellers, hobbyists or simply unusual individuals. The easiest means, after all, is solely to determine what type of car you need and head off to the closest showroom. Tonton video, saluran, dan daftar putar favorit di mana pun Anda berada.\n\nAfter that date, the applicable tax will be assessed on the premise of the vehicle weight, with the resultant tax amount being discounted by half. Around 77 p.c of vehicles produced in Germany in 2015 had been ultimately destined for international markets – a new record.…