It is thrilling to explore and discover new places, peoples and their cultures. There is, however, a serious side to travelling. This is because visiting a foreign country also means you are exposed to viruses and bacteria you may never have encountered in your home country. That is why travel vaccines are lifesavers for you.
The subject of travel vaccinations thus becomes quite an unsettling issue for most travelers. The environmental location that you are traveling to and the time of year will determine the kind of inoculation you require. This article will discuss some major diseases around the world that are of concern before you travel.
One of the serious diseases is Japanese Encephalitis normally contracted through a mosquito bite and is prevalent in tropical environments. The symptoms may be mild but in severe cases it can cause brain inflammation. The travel inoculation is given in 3 doses and a month before the day of traveling. Culprit countries are; South East Asia, Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Next is Malaria which is tropical disease passed to humans by Anopheles mosquitos. The symptoms of a malaria infection begin to show 10 days to 21 days after infection and they may include all or some of the following; flu-like symptoms, joint and muscle -aches, fever, chills, vomiting, nausea and a general feeling of being sick. A preventive anti-malarial regiment should be administred to travellers 3 weeks before tarvelling and taken for 4 weeks more after return. Regions concerned include, Africa, Middle East, and Asia.
Travellers should also be concerned about typhoid fever. It is spread through poor hygiene in contaminated water or food. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. It can be fatal. Vaccination should be given one month before the day of travel. Apart from getting the jab, you should take care of the sources of food and water you take to ensure high standards of hygiene are observed. The countries that are affected include; Africa, Asia, the Middle East south and central America.
There is another serious disease namely Yellow Fever. It is a disease that is only found in tropical South America and in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is spread by mosquitoes. Vomiting, jaundice, headache, fever, and bleeding are among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease. Yellow fever can kill. Its so serious that in some regions like East Africa in particular, travelers are required to show a certificate of vaccination before they are allowed to enter. The jab should be given 10 days before travel day and lasts for a decade.
Travellers should visit a travel medical clinic near them so that they can prepare themselves adequately for a successful and enjoyable safe trip.