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F1 and its Prohibited Technologies

Formula1 (F1) modern car capable of racing 100 kph from the rest about 1.7 seconds. One exceptional ability that any kind of sports car has not been able to match it.

F1

Apparently, not all the technology on the F1 car is the most sophisticated in the automotive world. Some systems and components of the F1 car just less advanced than ordinary cars on the streets. Why is that?

The answer is regulation. The Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) as the “umpire” for the F1 race diligently makes the regulation to limit the speed of the F1 car. In addition to the safety of racer, speed limits are also related to non-technical reasons. Examples of making the race more interesting to watch.

Given the history, FIA regulatory changes are done almost every year. The move was implemented because the technological progress was far more rapid than the restrictions imposed. Here are some innovative technologies ever used by the F1 car but then “forbidden”.

turbine Gas Technology F1

The gas turbine is used as a drive to replace Torak fuel motor. As one of the oldest types of movers, combustion engines have many disadvantages. Especially compared to gas turbines are more recently found. Gas turbines produce higher power with lighter weight. It can be said that gas turbines have the better power-to-weight ratio.

Another plus is the very fast rotation, up to 60,000 rpm. Compare with the modern F1 engine that is “only” capable of turning around 20,000 rpm (and this season is limited by the FIA to a maximum of 15,000 rpm only). Gas turbine classified as minimal vibration because there is no component that moves translation (back and forth) as well as motor fuel.

Generally, the age of gas turbine is longer than motor fuel. The FIA banned the use of this turbine after Team Lotus piloted the T56B which adopted the Pratt & Whitney gas turbine in 1971.

This FIA ban is actually “redundant” because Team Lotus proves that the use of gas turbines as the driving force of this car is actually not suitable for F1. Weaknesses that are felt by others is the gas turbine slow response to changes in gas openings from the foot of racer. As a result difficult to eat chicane and the absence of engine-brake effect is needed F1 car.

CVT

Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) is a gearbox replacement device that allows the engine to operate on a narrow band-RPM. The effect of maximum torque can be maintained. Williams is the team that first tried to develop this technology since the late 1970s.

It was even tested on a Renault-powered FW-15 in 1993. But the move was finally limited to testing because in late 1993 the FIA banned its use for the race.

Fan

The use of the fan (fan) behind the car to generate extra-downforce is also prohibited FIA. This tool was used by the Brabham team and Niki Lauda made him win the Swedish Grand Prix in 1978.

Side skirts

Side skirts or sliding skirts are shaped-like devices – skirts and mounted on the left and right sides of the lower car body. This tool is used to prevent wind flow under the car flowing to the side so that the ground-effect of under the car can be maximized.

In 1980 the FIA banned the side skirts by limiting ground clearance to a minimum of 6 cm. As a result side skirts cannot be used again because the distance between the component with the asphalt cannot be maintained. Moreover, the suspension movement that causes the car body to move up and down.

Nevertheless, F1 engineers did not stop improvising. In 1988, the T88 car from Team Lotus introduced a twin-chassis or dual chassis design. The first chassis has a very hard suspension on the wheels. While the second chassis has a softer suspension of the first chassis.

The first chassis has a very hard suspension of the wheel, so its distance to the asphalt can be maintained. Start strategy by making the first chassis similar to the plate that surrounds the second chassis, then the first chassis can serve as “side skirts” without breaking the minimum 6-cm ground-clearance rule. However, this twin-chassis was finally banned FIA.

Shock absorbers

The active suspension is a “magical device” that helped Williams dominate the 1992 racing season with Nigel Mansell and his FW14B. The active suspension makes the shock absorber capable of adjusting the dampness to suit the road conditions. In effect, all four tires will always have maximum traction despite being on a bumpy track and many slow turns. This device was banned by the FIA in the 1993 season.…

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New BMW 7-Series Feature Very Sophisticated

The new BMW 7 Series is a car with the feature that can run without a driver (autonomous). Similarly, the control of the car multimedia system is only through the movement of the hand. Yes, the latest BMW 7-Series technology is very sophisticated.

BMW

A car capable of running without a driver may still be in delusion. Even if there is only limited research. Similarly, the control of the multimedia system of the car through the movement of the hand. But not in the latest BMW 7-Series. A number of future technologies you can now enjoy in a mass production car. The following advanced features owned by the BMW 7 Series.

BMW 7 Series Remote Control Parking

This technology lets you park the latest BMW 7 Series in a narrow space without you having to drive from behind the wheel. Through a key that serves as a remote control, you can push the car back about 5 meters without you driving at all. Just press the button and touch the tiny display on the key, you can turn on the engine, run the car and then turn off the engine from outside the car. The car will brake itself by detecting when there is an object in front or behind it is approaching.

This function is very useful when parking in a narrow place, where the car door cannot be accessed in and out of the driver. You just park the car along the narrow parking lot and then exit the car to drive the car remotely through the key. “The sensors around the car will automatically detect when the car will stop,” said Marcus Behrendt, BMW AG’s Head of User Experience.

Such advances in technology in mass production cars to make BMW socialize first to the regulator in Europe about this device. Understandably, there is no single mass production car that uses this device.

According to Marcus, regulators are very concerned about safety when the car can walk alone without a driver in it. “Create current (August 2015) is the process for licensing in Europe. In the next 1-2 months will come out and can be sold to consumers. BMW will also work with regulators or governments in other countries about permission to use this device, “added Marcus.

Although Remote Control Parking works through radio waves Marcus believes the frequency is safe and will not be affected by other wave signals.

Laserlight

The main light of the BMW 7 Series is now equipped with the most advanced LED technology. They claim the range of rays 2 times farther than conventional lighting technology today. If once only 300 meters, Laser Light can reach up to 600 meters. Do not worry about driving the driver’s glare from the opposite direction because the light will automatically decrease the direction of the light rays when passing by another car at night.

Carbon Core

Although not the first car to wear carbon fiber woven body, Series-7 pioneer marries it with metal. BMW named it Carbon Core for this design in the latest body-7 Series.

There are 14 parts that use this lightweight and strong fiber materials, such as the roof pillar structure, elements in the pillars of B and C and the inner body side skirts. Thanks to Carbon Core, the car’s weight can be reduced to 130 kg compared to the previous version of the 7-Series.

This weight reduction is not only able to reduce fuel consumption but also add to the driving comfort. This is thanks to an evener distribution of weight and lower gravity point.

This exotic material can be repaired in case of collision damage. Suppose that an accident requires repair. “No need to be replaced carbon elements intact. Simply cut the damaged parts and make repairs only in that section. All BMW authorized workshops are able to handle it. So no need to worry, “sure Andreas Holzinger, Project Manager Lightweight and Body BMW 7 Series.

Gesture Control

Forget touching a knob or even a touchscreen monitor to operate the multimedia features of the BMW 7 Series. Now only through hand gestures, you can control without having to touch any device in the car. There are 6 hand movements that have been set BMW. Each movement has its own function to control the multimedia functions on the monitor screen in the center of the dashboard.

For example, the index finger moves towards the monitor for the function of receiving a phone call. Hand gestures such as slaps serve to resist, For example, the index finger moves toward the monitor for the function of receiving a phone call. Hand gestures like slaps serve to resist.

This can be done thanks to sensors that detect hand movements. The position of the hand must be in front of the central dash monitor or area …

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